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Breaststroke: Quick Guide And Overview

Are you fond of swimming and want to learn more techniques like breaststroke? Although it is an arduous stroke, most people make mistakes while using the breaststroke technique. But that’s all right! We are here to give you an easy guide and overview of breaststroke.

Breaststroke is done by swimmers with face-up. Both arms are engaged, and legs are involved in frog kicks during breaststroke. It has become the most popular swim stroke of all time.

These styles allow you to swim at a high level of water and therefore breathe freely. It is helpful for beginners and casual swimmers.

The Chronicle Of Breaststroke

Breaststroke has been the grandfather of all swimmer’s strokes for centuries and dates from the Stone Age. Illustrations in an Egyptian cave, felicitously named the “Cave of Swimmers”, show swimmers in certain poses, with the leg lashing movement originating from frogs.

breaststroke step by step guide

Similar illustrations are present in assayed Babylonian and Syriac murals. In 1538 Nicholas Wyman wrote the first book for swimming instruction.

Back in the day, swimming was more about avoiding drowning or dying. In a German textbook entitled “Colymbetes,” a German academic explained education on breaststroke.

Kitajima And The Dolphin Kicks Perceived Universally

A kick from a dolphin underwater causes problems with this sport, as the rules change with every stroke. It caused issues only as soon as the breaststroke occurred in the early 2000s.

breaststroke technique

In the same summer in Athen, the Japanese swimmer Kosuke Kitajima did the dolphin slam in the starting position and turned to beat Brendan Hansen in the 100-meter breaststroke.

Champions For The Breaststroke Of 440 Yard

The first breaststroke race was performed on the Olympic stage in 1904. Those Olympics in St. Louis dominated the sport, as it was the first breaststroke event and the only Olympics held in the yard. Those first breaststroke races were conducted at distances up to 430 yards.

By the 1930s, swimmers performing breaststroke discovered they could accelerate recovery by taking their arms out. It was primarily the start of the road that led to two distinct strokes, breaststroke and butterfly stroke.

The Sub Aquatic Shenanigans of ’56

During the 1950s, swimmers sneakily thought they could swim quicker underwater. Japanese Masaru Furukawa had been underwater for most of the 1956 athletic competition in Melbourne. Over the first 150 m, he waded the longest 45 m. He finished second in the 200 breaststrokes with 1:3:3:1:02 in the 200.

Swim Breaststroke Overview

The most straightforward part of breaststroke consists of learning the timing of its essential components. Breaststroke primarily consist of- pull, breathe, and kick.

Breaststroke overview

The breaststroke is unique because it is one of four competitive swim strokes in which recovery is conducted underwater. It produces more pull than other strokes and is the swiftest of all.

Best Styles Of Breaststroke

For much of 20 years, it was believed the most efficient means for the stroke was to swim flat. But the stroke grew during the 1970s as swimmers became more undulating, more closely matching the stroke used by the present-day swimmers.

Styles of breaststroke

These newly discovered breaststroke types, known as wave stroke, were popularized by ISHOF-award winner Josszef Nagy who coached Michael Barrowman (USA), Sergio Lopez (SPA), and Anna. In the process, the Briton revolutionized the way breaststroke swimming is done.

Breaststroke turns are significantly less complicated than flip turns in freestyle backstroke, primarily due to being underwater.

It’s much easier to learn breaststroke if we understand basic stroke mechanics. Following are the top two breaststroke methods.

1. Kicking Method For Breaststroke

Unlike backstroke and freestyle breaststroke, breaststroke uses no swing kicks. Instead, the frog kick will be mimicked by USA Masters swimmers, explains Chris George.

Your kick should start when your head and shoulders rise for breath. The breaststroke kick also differs from other movements because it does not have continuous movement.

breaststroke is the oldest stroke

2. Glide Method For Breaststroke

It’s essentially the beginning and ending positions of the stroke cycle. Furthermore while gliding, the streamline is most important. Keep your knees and toes straight and together and the head tightly tucked.

Ways to perform breaststroke

Breaststroke Positioning Guide

1. Body Position

Your body should be in a horizontal position during breaststroke on the water’s surface.

2. Head Alignment

Your head should cut through the water to allow you to breathe frontward on the surface of the water.

3. Arms Extended

You should be careful about your arm movement. Your arms must be extended in a forward direction in front of your head. Your hands should be close, and the palm is facing outward.

Keep your arms extended during the start of the pull phase and pull your arms forward (outwards) until they reach shoulder level.

Now is the time to bend the elbows while rotating the arms. Keep the elbows tightened up during the hand recovery phase.

4. Leg Kick Action

In backward kick form, keep your legs straight, heels upward toward the buttocks by bending the knees. Perform the leg kick at the end of the breathing cycle.

5. Breathing

Your chest should be raised when you pull with the help of your arms. End pulls by pushing downwards with the chest until you reach the horizontal position.

Frequent Mistakes During Breaststroke:

breaststroke mistakes

Common breaststroke mistakes are:

Outspread Kick

Not following the steps: pull- Kick- glide

Large stroke proportion

Descend elbows

Swimming slowly

How to swim the Breaststroke?

When training breaststroke techniques, you should break them into two parts. Follow this step for getting your thighs to move appropriately during a breaststroke.

breaststroke technique

Perform leg kicks with both legs moving in coordinated upwards and downwards motion. It is usually allowed only once during competitions for swimming.

Breaststroke is an Olympian swimming technique complemented by butterfly stroke, backstroke, and freestyle. Breaststroke is considered the slowest competitive swimming stroke and offers great exercise and a recognizable approach.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is breaststroke?

A swimming stroke that occurs at a prone position while coordinating an effort to lift the leg forward with the knees and feet turned outward is called the breaststroke.

Is breaststroke the most complex stroke?

Breaststroke is often thought of as the most challenging stroke for beginners and the most complicated stroke for many. Breaststroke timing can be confusing for coaches as well as for swimmers.

What is breaststroke good for?

Breaststroke is an easier cardiovascular workout. It helps strengthen the lungs and heart. It is also helpful in strengthening the thighs, upper backs, triceps, hamstrings, and upper leg muscles. It works on the heart muscles.

Last Words:

This article explains the breaststroke methods, step-by-step guide, overview, and history. To learn more about swimming follow this guide.

Breaststroke is a swimming movement that helps tone your stomach, chest, and arms. Furthermore, it also strengthens the upper body.

Breaststroke is a little bit difficult, and some people perform it incorrectly. But once you learn this movement precisely, you will start enjoying its advantages.

In short, breaststroke has been the best challenging technique used since ancient times until the modern age. It is spreading rapidly around the globe.